What is Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)?
Hemorrhoid disease is popularly known as hemorrhoids. There are ball-shaped structures in the anal canal consisting of veins. These structures, which are covered with mucous on the outer surface, are called hemorrhoidal cushions. Hemorrhoidal disease occurs when the hemorrhoidal pads swell and overflow from the anus. These pads are part of the anatomical structure of the human body. Over time, the structures supporting the hemorrhoid pads weaken and cause the hemorrhoids to shift downward, swell and bleed.
What Causes Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids disease, which affects daily life and occurs due to many reasons, is one of the breech diseases. Chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea are the first symptoms that cause hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoidal pads are structures found in the anatomy of the human body. As a result of prolonged straining during defecation, the hemorrhoidal pads are damaged. Damaged pads cause bleeding and swelling. In people with chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea, the pads start to swell over time with prolonged straining. Swollen hemorrhoid nipples protrude from the anus. overflowing out hemorrhoids breasts are large enough for patients to notice.
Excessive weight, irregular diet, sedentary life, staying sedentary for a long time during defecation, engaging in heavy sports, heavy lifting, insufficient fiber intake and anal intercourse are also factors that cause hemorrhoids in the formation of hemorrhoids. A previous diagnosis of hemorrhoids in a family member may be among the factors that cause hemorrhoids in individuals.
What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoid disease is examined in two groups and may vary according to its symptoms. These symptoms are as follows;
What is Internal Hemorrhoids?
It is called hemorrhoids, which are formed in the inner part of the anus and covered with mucous, the outer surface of which is the inner lining of the intestine. It is located in the inner part of the anal canal, which is in the last part of the rectum, and hemorrhoidal pouches may not be visible from the outside.
Because 1st degree hemorrhoids are very small in size, they cannot be seen from the outside, but they can show themselves with bleeding from time to time. The diagnosis of hemorrhoids is determined by the doctor during rectoscopy.
In 2nd degree hemorrhoids, the patient may feel bleeding and hemorrhoid nipple during straining. Hemorrhoid nipples can sometimes come out and go in on their own. These hemorrhoids are diagnosed during anal examination and with the help of straining.
In 3rd degree hemorrhoids, bleeding and itching in the rectum or wetness are also seen. These hemorrhoid breasts enlarge and go out and usually do not go in on their own, the patient can push it himself or send it inside with the help of a doctor.
In grade 4 hemorrhoids, bleeding, itching, discharge, and wetness are accompanied by severe pain caused by pressure. The most obvious diagnosis of these hemorrhoids is the non-push hemorrhoid nipples that are always outside the breech.
What is External Hemorrhoids?
In this type of hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids occur in the anal region. They are swellings around the anus that are covered with skin. In this type of hemorrhoids that occur at the anus exit, the pads are visible and palpable when touched. Blood clots can form in the vein by force and cause severe painful swelling. The person may suspect external hemorrhoids in line with these hemorrhoid symptoms.
What are Hemorrhoid Treatment Methods?
Many methods are used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, from surgical and non-surgical, diet treatments to medical treatments. Hemorrhoids may present itself with acute attacks from time to time. During this period, the patient may feel more severe pain and swelling. When the severity of the attack passes, the patient may think that the hemorrhoids go away on their own. During this period, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. When diagnosed early, you can get over your disease very quickly with medical treatment without the need for surgical intervention.
Symptoms caused by chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea seriously affect the formation of hemorrhoids. Your doctor may ask you to change your eating habits and lifestyle in order to regulate and relax your intestines. Fibrous and pulpy foods that have positive results for intestinal digestion can be recommended. In fact, this treatment method is valid for all stages of hemorrhoids. It can also be applied before hemorrhoid surgery. If you do not apply these changes to your life, your hemorrhoid complaints may reappear.
Prolonged inactivity can also increase the risk of hemorrhoids. For this reason, people can keep hemorrhoids away from their lives by doing sports with regular exercises, without lifting weights and without tiring themselves. It can also relax you in the baths made with warm water, which are known as sitz baths among the people.
hemorrhoid treatment Various edema solvents, pain relievers, suppositories, creams and tablets can also be recommended for treatment after diagnosis by the doctor. If the hemorrhoid has progressed, surgical operations or non-operative interventions (laser, elastic band ligation, HAL (Hemorrhoid Artery Ligation), photocoagulation, sclerotherapy, bipolar and monopolar electrocoagulation, cryotherapy) may be required.
Things to Consider After Hemorrhoid Surgery
Hemorrhoid disease is one of the most common diseases of the perianal region. Hemorrhoid treatment options are in a wide range according to their stages. For this reason, it is necessary to have various surgical techniques and to be different in patient care and follow-up points. At this stage, the main goals are to prevent possible side effects or to detect them early if they have occurred, to increase patient comfort and to result in a problem-free wound healing.
It is natural to see symptoms such as bleeding and infection after surgical intervention. In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to clean the operated area frequently with gauze. Long-term pain can also be considered normal, for this painkillers are recommended. Since hemorrhoids are a disease that can reoccur after healing, there are issues to be considered after treatment. The main way is to change your life in a healthy way. It is necessary to protect the intestinal system against constipation and take good care of your digestive system. For this, it is recommended to consume fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and fibrous and pulpy foods. It is necessary to take precautions against excessive weight gain, to lose excess weight and to do sports without lifting heavy. He pushes for a long time and should not be in a sitting position. Drinking at least 2 liters of water a day prevents constipation and stimulates the bowels.
Another way to protect yourself from hemorrhoids is to get rid of your toilet needs without delay. Waiting negatively affects your health. At the same time, sitting on the toilet for a long time and straining increase the risk of hemorrhoids. It is very important to minimize this period in order not to have hemorrhoids.