Venezuela is a South American country with spectacular landscapes consisting of forested tepuis, snow-capped mountains, mysterious caves, beautiful beaches, huge deltas, and dense, species-rich forests. Venezuela’s 10 natural wonders are listed below.
10. Angel Falls
At 3,211 feet, the Angel Falls is the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world. The waterfall can be seen in Canaima National Park in the country’s Bolívar State. Part of the Rio Kerepacupai Meru river, the waterfall pours down the side of the Auyán-tepui mountain. Every year, thousands of tourists from all over the world visit Venezuela to see this beautiful waterfall. Therefore, it is a very important natural attraction in the country.
9. Guácharo Cave
Guácharo Cave is a massive limestone cave that is part of the eponymous national park. It is located in Monagas, close to the town of Caripe. The length of the cave is more than 10 km. It has many magnificent rock formations and is home to fruit-eating oil birds. Every evening at dusk, large flocks of these birds come out of the cave. Many tourists visit the cave to watch this interesting phenomenon. Guácharo Cave National Park protects this cave and the surrounding forests.
8. Cerro Sarisariñama
Cerro Sarisariñama, a flat-topped mountain or tepui, is unique in many ways. It is located in Venezuela’s state of Bolívar, at an altitude of between 980 feet and 7,710 feet. Tepui’s summit area is 546.88 square kilometers. It is one of the most remote places in the country, with the nearest asphalt road being miles away. The name of the tepui is associated with a chilling legend of the local indigenous peoples. It refers to an evil spirit that lives in the caves of tepui and devours people with the sound of “Sari… sari…”. Unlike other tepuis, Cerro Sarisariñama is covered by a dense forest at the top and is home to many endemic flora species. Another interesting feature of the tepui is the presence of sinkholes on it. There are four known sinkholes in the region and the bottom of each sinkhole is covered with isolated forests.
7. Los Roques Archipelago
The Los Roques archipelago consists of more than 350 cays, islets and islands covering an area of 40.61 square kilometers. Los Roques National Park was established in the area in 1972 to preserve the rich diversity of marine flora and fauna in the archipelago. Human settlements in the archipelago are sparse but receive thousands of visitors each year. Tourists who visit enjoy snorkeling, diving, bird watching, windsurfing, and other activities.
6. Orinoco Delta
The Orinoco Delta is a huge delta region of the Orinoco River in eastern Venezuela. The Delta covers the entire State of Delta Amacuro and parts of the country’s states of Sucre and Monagas. The fan-shaped delta is formed by the separation of the Orinoco into many branches that terminate in the sea. The Rio Grande is one of the river’s largest distributions. Large parts of the delta are covered by mangroves as well as permanent wetlands and freshwater swamp forests.
5. Guanoco Lake
Venezuela is home to the world’s second largest tar pit. It is called Lake Bermudez or Lake Guanoco. It is located in the Estado Sucre state of Venezuela. The lake covers an area of 1,100 acres and has a depth ranging from 4.9 feet to 6.6 feet. There is approximately 6,000,000 tons of asphalt in the lake. It was used as a commercial source of asphalt for a significant period from 1891 to 1935.
4. Pico Bolivar
Pico Bolivar, named after Venezuela’s popular freedom fighter Simon Bolivar, is the country’s highest mountain. It has an elevation of 16,332 feet. The mountain is located in the State of Mérida. It remains permanently covered with snow and hosts three glaciers. The summit of the mountain can be reached by climbing the hill.
3. Blanquilla Island
Blanquilla Island is a fan-shaped island located in the southeast Caribbean Sea. It is a favorite destination for those who love nature and solitude. It takes its name from its milky white beaches. La Blanquilla offers excellent diving and snorkeling opportunities. The marine life in the region is quite diverse. The island is also famous for the rare black coral used to make jewelry and other handicrafts. Colorful birds, iguanas, wild donkeys and other fauna can be seen in the terrestrial habitat of the island.
2. Waraira Repano National Park
This national park is located in the central part of the Cordillera de la Costa Central mountain range. The highest point in the park is 9,072 feet above sea level. A wide variety of flora and fauna live in the park. There are about 120 mammal species, 30 reptile species, 500 bird species, more than 100 butterfly species, 20 amphibian species, etc. living in Waraira Repano National Park. The park has a dense network of trails for outdoor enthusiasts.
1. Katatumbo Lightning
Catatumbo lightning is a phenomenon that occurs over the marshes at the mouth of the Catatumbo River, which flows into Lake Maracaibo. Every night, there are lightning storms for about 10 hours. Therefore, the region experiences about 1.2 million lightning discharges each year. The lightning there is so strong that ships often use it as a signal for navigation. Lightning flashes can be seen from 40 km from the site.
Writer: Can Baskin