Another reason for the use of digital technologies is to support integrated processes and different industries to meet customers’ needs. This integrated environment will allow stakeholders to share data, information and information in an efficient and effective manner throughout the project lifecycle, even while the product is in use. It is generally accepted that by having a holistic understanding of how the final product is intended to be, the customer will benefit from the use of advanced design and construction methods.
This culture of collaboration allows stakeholders to use these technologies to improve team collaboration. For example, (virtual) meetings can help predict client needs, hidden costs, and project risks at all stages of the project needed to be proactive. Moreover, stakeholders in this collaborative environment will have the capacity to devise a competitive purchasing strategy. This strategy will help them run the project smoothly, eliminate risks, and match clients’ needs to project outputs and results.
From now on it will be easier to make any changes at an early stage or to make the product available again in the future. Research shows that the impact of integrated collaborative technologies on team collaboration is to create a culture of collaboration at all stages of construction projects.
Project data should be kept in a secure environment with defined permissions so that stakeholders and project team members can access it from anywhere, anytime. To achieve this, a common data environment (CDE) needs to be set up. In this environment, all project data must be correctly tagged based on standard file naming conversions from the ISO 19650 standard. This simplifies searches using metadata and saves time wasted on inefficient searches. Having easy yet secure remote access also allows for more (project) data analysis that can help predefine any project activity, providing more information about who is involved in projects (Organization Breakdown Structure), what each person is expected to offer (Work Breakdown Structure) and what the cost of each activity is (Cost Breakdown Structure).
All of the collected and updated data can be used for further analysis to support any decision before, during and after the project’s completion. This type of data analysis can support investors’ capacity to understand evidence-based whether it is worth advancing project ideas, and also predict risks that can be assessed by considering other factors that may affect the project. These risks include all kinds of political, economic, social, environmental, legislative, technological and sustainability issues.
Data used in tunneling projects, Laser Scanner, Sensors, inspections etc. It is collected using many different tools and comes in a variety of formats. All these data sets can be presented to stakeholders simultaneously, ie in real time or in real time. With the increasing number of analytical tools for infrastructure maintenance, Big Data analytics is an increasing field in the construction industry due to the high Volume, Value, Diversity, Speed and Accuracy generated throughout the entire life cycle of the project. Concerns about copyright for cloud-based data and BIM models are beyond the scope of this research. In addition, the power of the Internet of Things (IoT) as a network of physical devices, tools (suppliers) and other project materials embedded with electronics, sensors, software, etc. as.
The power to visualize information using an integrated collaboration environment using software such as Autodesk Revit, CADduct and Tekla, Navisworks, Solibri allows stakeholders and team members to understand consistently and encourage any issues as they occur. Among the main project challenges, the AEC industry faces a lack of knowledge sharing and collaboration in developing processes to increase efficiency in the delivery of construction projects. This is basically what BIM is famous for, and that is why the BIM integrated environment requires further development in the construction industry. Kapogiannis and Sherratt highlight the necessity and impact of a collaborative culture in the architecture, engineering and construction industry.
Knowledge of BIM and higher maturity requires further development of processes aimed at improving construction efficiency through automation. Tools that can help people support and enhance knowledge is to teach machines using Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. This idea can go further to simulate a process and an event in a project, for example using a robot to deliver material from suppliers or paint a wall fairly quickly within the cost budget. This can also help stakeholders create new business models.
Regular review (Decision) of the patterns and management of relevant phase deliveries using information exchange platforms such as COBie to the employer is an important aspect of the BIM process. The employer should ensure that the Change Information Requirements (EIR) are defined and agreed at the procurement stage of the project in a common environment. Project meetings held in collaborative environments allow key stakeholders to identify, understand, analyze and review design models in 3D and other outputs, provide feedback and validate PLQ stages. Ideally, the process should have three main stages:
• Before the review meeting,
• During the review meeting,
• Post-review meeting.
For projects delivered at high levels of BIM maturity, such review meetings are normally used in a virtual environment using a projector (as shown below) or on larger projects using virtual model facilities such as CAVE (Computer Aided Virtual Environment) and or the immersive laboratory usually at local universities or available at further education colleges.
The Future of Tunnel Construction
CoSpaces is an EC funded IP project funded under FP6’s IST Program and its overall objective is to develop organizational models and distributed technologies that support innovative collaborative workspaces for individuals and project teams in distributed virtual manufacturing businesses. Therefore, the use of CoSpaces and similar technologies for tunneling in construction projects will provide effective partnerships, a collaborative work culture, encourage innovation, increase productivity, reduce the length of design cycles, and adopt a holistic approach to implement production phases.
This will be achieved through enhanced human communication, innovative visualization, information support and natural interaction, making existing work practices more competitive in the global marketplace. CoSpaces proposes to validate these collaborative areas against three sectors: aviation, automotive and construction. However, due to the generic nature of technology, the impact of technology will go beyond these three sectors. CoSpaces will take on the ambitious task of developing technical, organizational and human networks to create collaborative workspaces. This will be achieved through a systematic and integrated program of RTD activities, dissemination, training, demonstration and exploitation activities led by a consortium of European experts dedicated to this mission.
Author: Ozlem Guvenc Agaoglu